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Christianity

About Christianity

Christianity is the world's largest religion throughout the globe.

Worldwide Christianity is divided into five major groups of Churches:

• Roman Catholic
• Eastern Orthodox
• Oriental Orthodox
• Anglican
• Protestant

All five have subdivisions, with the Protestant branch being the most divided up than any of the others.

    Christians believe that there is only one God

    However, there are three elements of God, including the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The Christian holy book is called the Bible consisting of the ‘Old Testament’ and the ‘New Testament.’ Their place of worship is called a Church and their religious teachers are known as priests. The Christian cross is seen as a representation of the crucifixion of Jesus, and is the symbol of Christianity.

    Christianity is focussed on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ, who Christians believe to be the Son of God. 2,000 years ago in what is now Israel (Bethlehem), God sent Jesus Christ to earth to remove the sins of humankind through a perfect sacrifice. Christians believe Jesus was the promised Messiah and had twelve close followers or disciples. Jesus birth is described in the ‘New Testament’. The Gospel of Matthew’ and the ‘Gospel of Luke' both state Jesus was born to a woman named Mary and was engaged to Joseph, a carpenter. The Gospels state that Mary was a virgin when she became pregnant.

    Christians Celebrate Christmas On December 25

    It is a holy day, seen as the day Jesus was born. Christians attend worship services; gather with family and friends, feasting and exchanging gifts use lights for decorating Christmas trees and put up Nativity displays portraying the birth of Jesus. Non-Christians also celebrate secular festivities.

     

    Easter Celebrates The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

    On Good Friday, Jesus Christ was crucified and was buried in a cave. Although, the tomb was guarded and an enormous stone was placed over the entrance, the following Sunday, some women visited the tomb only to discover the stone had been moved and the grave was empty. His followers understood that God had raised Jesus from the dead. Jesus was crucified on the cross and rose from the dead on the third day referred to as the ‘Resurrection.’ Churches are filled with flowers, and hymns and songs are sung during Easter.

    Jesus had performed a number of miracles such as, changing water to wine, healing the sick, walked on the Sea of Galilee, fed five thousand people with five loaves of bread and two fish, and brought Lazarus of Bethany back to life and the resurrection of Jesus.

    In 597, Pope Gregory sent a delegation led by a Benedictine monk, St Augustine, to Britain, to spread Christianity in what was essentially a pagan land.